Urinary Incontinence-Causes & Treatments | NAFC
Learn about the different types of urinary incontinence, including overactive bladder, urinary retention, mixed incontinence, and stress incontinence.
The best place to start, they say, is at the beginning. The first thing you need to do is find the right physician for you and get a diagnosis. This includes reviewing your medical history and a thorough physical examination. X-rays, cystoscopic examination, blood work, urine analysis, as well as specialized tests to determine bladder capacity, sphincter condition, and urethral pressure may be necessary to complete the diagnosis. Some of the more common urinary incontinence conditions are described below.
OVERACTIVE BLADDER When you feel the need to go and go right NOW, you may be dealing with an Overactive Bladder. If you cannot control the urge and leakage occurs, that is what makes it incontinence. The good news is, in many cases this is a treatable condition and not merely something you have to deal with because of age. Click to read more. >
URINARY RETENTION In mild cases, urinary retention makes it difficult to start urination and the flow is weak. Once finished you often feel the need to go again because the bladder isn’t fully emptied. In more acute cases, the lower belly becomes distended causing great discomfort and pain. Despite the urge to go, urination is not possible. >
MIXED INCONTINENCE As the name suggests, Mixed Incontinence is a combination of stress incontinence, including muscle and sphincter related issues, and urgency incontinence like those mentioned above. Usually one symptom is more severe than the other and that directly affects what methods will be most effective in treatment.
STRESS URINARY INCONTINENCE A problem that affects both men and women, Stress urinary incontinence (SUI) occurs because of weak pelvic floor muscles and/or a deficient urethral sphincter. This weakness can cause the bladder to leak during exercise, coughing, sneezing, laughing, or any body movement that puts pressure on the bladder. SUI often shows up after childbirth and menopause in women while prostate cancer treatment, such as radical prostatectomy, can trigger it in men. To learn more about how SUI can affect men and women differently, visit these links: Male Stress Urinary Incontinence and Female Stress Urinary Incontinence.